Annual ryegrass responds well to moisture and nitrogen. It is adapted to different soil types, ranging from light textured sandy soils to heavy clay soils. It is important to select a clean field that is free of residual herbicides such as Treflan™ or Edge™.
Wild oats and quackgrass are the worst weed problems. Wild oats and broadleaf weeds can be controlled with herbicides but there is no in-crop control for quackgrass.
Conventional seeding equipment can be used. Air drills, air seeders, press drills and hoe drills all work well.
Annual ryegrass must be swathed. Days to maturity for annual ryegrass is comparable to spring wheat. Annual ryegrass is usually harvested 7 – 10 days after cutting. Either conventional or rotary combines can be used. Annual ryegrass is considered dry at 11% moisture, but can be harvested at 14% and dried in an aeration bin. Heat cannot be used as it can affect germination.
Straw residue can be an added bonus for cattle producers. It can be removed for livestock feed or bedding. Depending on fall moisture, regrowth can be used for fall grazing or hay.
Yields range from 1,000 – 1,800 lbs/acre with a five-year average.
|Moisture Tolerance||Medium – High|
|METER READING||% MOISTURE||METER READING||% MOISTURE|
10%-11% moisture is dry however must aerate to avoid sweating
Can harvest as high as 15% moisture and air down
|FRACTIONAL METER READING VALUES|
Ausume dial reading is 16.4
|For reading of 16.0 moisture is||12.50%|
|Fractional meter reading values for 0.4 is||0.09|
|Thus dial reading of 16.4 is||12.59%|