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American Vetch

Vicia americana, native

  • Naturally fixes nitrogen in the soil
  • Highly palatable for wildlife and livestock
  • Two varieties found in Alberta: var. americana is taller and var. sparsifolia is shorter and more hairy
  • Long-lived, cool season perennial
  • Lavender- or fuchsia-coloured flowers
  • Flowers May to September
  • Used primarily for soil improvement along roadsides and for bank stabilization

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Characteristics Table
Growth HabitTap Root
Flood ToleranceFair
Drought ToleranceGood
Salt TolerancePoor
Soil PHNeutral to Basic
Soil TypeModerately Coarse to Fine
Approx. Seeds/lb33,000
Canopy Mature Height15-60 cm

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